Chapter 01: FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY-9th (FBISE Notes)

Chapter includes following topics:

  • Identify and provide examples of different branches of chemistry. (Applying)
  • Differentiate between branches of chemistry. (Understanding)
  • Distinguish between matter and a substance. (Analyzing)
  • Define ions, molecular ions, formula units, and free radicals. (Remembering)
  • Define atomic number, atomic mass, atomic mass unit. (Remembering)
  • Differentiate among elements, compounds, and mixtures. (Remembering)
  • Define relative atomic mass based on the C-12 scale. (Remembering)
  • Differentiate between empirical and molecular formula. (Understanding)
  • Distinguish between atoms and ions. (Analyzing)
  • Differentiate between molecules and molecular ions. (Analyzing)
  • Distinguish between ion and free radical. (Analyzing)
  • Classify the chemical species from given examples. (Understanding)
  • Identify the representative particles of elements and compounds. (Remembering)
  • Relate gram atomic mass, gram molecular mass, and gram formula mass to the mole. (Applying)
  • Describe how Avogadro’s number is related to a mole of any substance. (Understanding)
  • Distinguish among the terms gram atomic mass, gram molecular mass, and gram formula mass. (Analyzing)
  • Change atomic mass, molecular mass, and formula mass into a gram atomic mass, gram molecular mass, and gram formula mass. (Applying)
  1.   Branches of Chemistry
    1. Physical Chemistry
    2. Organic Chemistry
    3. Inorganic Chemistry
    4. Biochemistry
    5. Analytical Chemistry
    6. Industrial Chemistry
    7. Environmental Chemistry
    8. Nuclear Chemistry
  2. Basic Definitions
    1. Substance, element, atom
    2. compound, Mixture
  3.   Chemical Species
    1. Ions, Cations, Anions
    2. Formation of Anion & Cation
    3. Mass, Molecular & Ionic, Relative atomic mass
  4.   Avogadro’s Number and Mole
    1.   Chemical Calculations