Chapter 10: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

  • Recognize structural, condensed, and molecular formulas of the straight-chain hydrocarbons up to ten carbon atoms.
  • Identify some general characteristics of organic compounds.
  • Explain the diversity and magnitude of organic compounds.
  • List some sources of organic compounds.
  • List the uses of organic compounds.
  • Recognize and identify the molecule’s functional groups.
  • Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons.
  • Name the alkanes up to decane.
  • Convert alkanes into alkyl radicals.
  • Differentiate between alkane and alkyl radicals.
  • Define functional group.
  • Differentiate between organic compounds based on their functional groups.
  • Classify organic compounds into straight-chain, branched-chain, and cyclic compounds.

The Study of Carbon-containing compounds and their properties is called organic chemistry. However, few compounds of carbon such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbonates, and carbides are considered to be inorganic substances. This is because they have totally different properties than organic compounds. Organic compounds play a vital role in the bodies of living things. Products of industrial organic chemistry such as plastics, rubber, synthetic fibers, paints, glues, varnishes, artificial sweeteners and flavors, drugs, dyes, soaps, and detergents, etc. are an important part of modern life. Also, the energy on which we rely heavily is based mostly on organic materials found in coal, petroleum, and natural gas.