Q2: Explain the Ideology of Pakistan in the light of the sayings of the Quaid-e-Azam?
Ans. Pakistan is the only state that came into being on the bases of strong ideology. Since its establishment, it has been demanded to accomplish its basic aim.
The social or political Programme of any movement that becomes a collective objective of any nation is called Ideology. OR
Ideology means such an aim according to which human beings planned about their future.
The Ideology of Pakistan
The Ideology of Pakistan was the consciousness of the Muslims in the historical perspective of the South Asian sub-continent that they were a separate nation on the basis of the Islamic ideology. No doubt Islamic ideology is the base of the ideology of Pakistan so the basic fundaments of Islam
are also the bases of the Ideology of Pakistan.
The ideology of Pakistan & Different Scholars
The ideology of Pakistan is defined by the different sociologist as: –
1. Syed Ali Abbas
Syed Ali Abbas former professor of history defined the ideology of Pakistan as,
“Ideology of Pakistan and the Ideology of Islam have the same meaning. Actually ideology of Pakistan is the practical shape of the teachings of Islam.”
2. Dr. Aslam Syed
Dr. Aslam Syed defined the ideology of Pakistan as.
“Ideology of Pakistan is the name of molding of individual and collective lives according to Islam and also of saving from conflicting ideologies.”
3. Allama Allaud-Din-Siddiqui
A well-known scholar Allama Allaud-Din-Siddiqui defined ideology of Pakistan
“Ideology of Pakistan is the name of implementation of Islamic principles on persons. On groups & on government and Islam should be stronger than the strongest forces here”
QUAID-E-Azam AND IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
Quaid-e-Azam was the liberator of the Muslim nation in the Sub-Continent.
He struggled for the separate state on the bases of Islamic Ideology. He himself explained this basic ideology. –
1. Foundation of Muslim Nation
Once Quaid-e-Azam said,
“Pakistan came into being the very day when the first Hindu
became a Muslim.”
2. Pakistan and the Holy Quran:
In the annual meeting of 1943 at Karachi Quaid-e-Azam said while clarifying
the relation of Pakistan and Islam:
“What is that relation which has made Muslim a single body What is that rock on which the structure of Muslim Nation is restored? What is that base which has secured the safety of the
boat of this Muslim Nation? That relation, rock and base is the Holy Quran.”
3. Islam is a complete code of life:
While addressing the students, in March 1944 he said,
“Our guide is Islam and this is the complete code of our life. We neither need any red or yellow flag nor do we need any Socialism. Communism, Nationalism or any other ism”
4. Elimination of differences:
On 21 March 1948 while addressing the people in Dhaka and said, “I want not to see you talk as a Sindhi, Balochi, Punjabi, and Bengali. What is the fun of saying that we are Punjabi, Sindhi or
Pathan? We are only Muslims.”
5. The need of division of India:
While addressing at Aligarh he clarified the ideology of Pakistan in these words:
“What was the motive of the demand for Pakistan and a separate electorate for Muslims? What was the cause of the division of India? Its cause is neither the narrow mindedness of Hindus nor
the tactics of The British but is the basic demand of Islam?”
6. National Identity of The Muslims:
In light of the history of the subcontinent, Quaid-e-Azam argued that Muslims have never been a minority. They are a perfect nation and have the right to establish an independent state in those areas where they are in majority.
7. Pakistan, A practical laboratory for the Islamic system:
While addressing the students of Islamia College, Peshawar on 13 January
1948 Quaid-e-Azam said,
“We did not demand Pakistan just to own a piece of land but we in fact wanted to have a Laboratory for experimenting with the true teachings of Islam.”
8. Protection of Muslim culture:
Addressing the army officers, in October 1947, Mr. Jinnah said,
“Our object was to create such a state where we can live freely, our culture and civilization get flourished, and where Islamic concept of social justice can flourish exactly.”
9. Criticism of the Western Economic system:
On the eve of inaugurating the State Bank of Pakistan on 1 July 1948, the Quaid said,
“The Economic system of the west is creating unsolvable problems for humanity.It has failed to provide justice to the people. We are to present an economic system based on the original Islamic concept of equality and social justice.”
10. A Staunch Supporter of the Two-Nation Theory:
He was a great supporter of the two-nation theory and he considered the Muslims separate nation from every aspect. He said:
“The Muslims are a nation by every right to establish a separate homeland. They can adopt any means to promote and protect their spiritual, moral, economic, social, political, and cultural interests”.
11. Origin of Pakistan
In his address at Ahmedabad on 29th December 1940 Quaid-e-Azam said, “Pakistan existed for centuries. North West remained a homeland of Muslims. Independent states of Muslims should be
established in these areas so that they might live according to teachings of Islam”.