Rules For The Use Of Noun
- Nouns in singular form but used as plural (don’t take S or Es)
Vermin, police, mankind, public, Sheep, cattle, clergy, peasantry, fish, deer, poor, people, hair, swine, issue, vacation, poetry, infantry, cavalry, machinery, scenery, stationery, furniture, bunting, offspring etc.
- Nouns in plural form but used as singular (always take S or Es)
- Branches of learning: mathematics, statistics, civics, politics, physics, etc
- Games and sports: billiards, gymnasiums, athletics
- Diseases: mumps, measles
- Wearings: trousers, pants, shorts, stockings, socks, shoes
- Instruments: scissors, apparatus, spectacles, glasses, fetters, gallows
- Other Nouns: alms, news, orders, wages, studies, assets, ornaments, arms, tongs, aches, drawers, riches, thanks, savings, shares, premises, quarters, cards, summons, means, species, series, innings, amends, corps, proceedings, surroundings, eatables, movables, valuables, odds, and ends, make friends, take pains, the United Nations. The united states, repairs,
Note: wages when used as a reward should be plural. Wages of Sin is hell. Wages are paid.
- Nouns with some numerical Quantity don’t take S/ES with them.
Dozen, score, hundred, thousand, million, year, head, pair, yoke, stone, foot, meter e.g. two hundred people, three dozen eggs, four score oranges, three pair of socks, twenty head o cattle, etc
- Collective nouns should be singular when acting as unit otherwise plural
The jury was unanimous in their opinion.
The jury was unanimous in its opinion.
- Abstract and material nouns are not used as a plural.
e.g. a bag of rice, ten grains of rice, a piece of advice, many pieces of advice, many words of abuse, many acts of mischief, items of furniture, bits of news/information
- Apostrophe and S are used to show possession of persons. For lifeless things OF is used. Nouns already with S only take an apostrophe.
Ali’s leg, leg of a chair, Chips’ doctor
- When singular Noun ends S or CE followed by sake only take Apostrophe
For conscience’ sake, for goodness’ sake, for justice’ sake, etc However For heaven’s sake, For God’s sake
- Personified objects: freedom’s call, fortune’\s smile, country’sdmands etc
- Nouns denoting time, space, weight, length, etc e.g. at arm’s length, at stone’s throw
- Plural Compound Nouns:
Plural nouns are formed by adding S to the principal word.
Brothers/sons/daughters in law, commanders in chief, passers-by, major Generals