Q.1. In what way is sleep an equalizing factor?
Or Lights out dwells on the power of sleep. Elaborate PU-2004-I2005-II
Or How does sleep actually overpower us as described in “Light Out”. 2006(S-I)
Or Sleep is more powerful than all other passions. Explain.
“Lights out” is a beautiful and simple poem. It shows the power of sleep over man. Sleep is a mighty leveler or an equalizing factor. Sleep has an equalizing effect like death and brings all the rich and the poor, the high and the low, the good and the evil, the pious and the wicked, the young and the old, the clever and the innocent to the same level. It discriminates among none of the people. Man has to give up all his activities, interests, pains, pleasures, sorrows, passions, and troubles before the alluring power of sleep. Even the dearest faces and dearest books are forgotten and closed respectively. Whether they like it or not, they have to yield to the power of sleep. When our eyes become heavy with drowsiness, we come to the borders of sleep. Standing on the borders, we ask someone to put out the light and we go to the unseen kingdom of sleep. All the tension of the day’s work vanishes. It then refreshes and prepares us for the next day’s work. Hence, we may call sleep an equalizing factor. 188
Q.2. What does the poet mean coming to the borders of sleep? What does a road track signify in “Lights Out”.2007 (S-I)
Coming to the borders of sleep means the moment just before going to bed. It is the time when a man is on the verge of sleep. When our eyes become heavy with drowsiness, we come to the borders of sleep. Standing on the borders, we ask someone to put out the light. Then we go to the unseen kingdom of sleep. Every man is bound to lose himself in the thick forest of sleep. Its depth is unknown to man. The forest is full of tall trees with thick leaves.
All the ways straight or winding lead to this forest of sleep. Nobody can resist its charm. Man has to go to this forest whether he wishes or not. There is no choice for him. Sleep is a mighty leveler or an equalizing factor. A man remains busy in his daily routine from dawn to dusk. A rat race continues all day long. He finds no time to relax. After a day’s tiresome work, he needs rest. If sleep does not overpower him, he may not be able to stop himself from accumulating wealth. It is sleep that comes to provide him rest, relaxation, and peace. It compels everyone to rest. Man has to surrender before the supremacy of sleep. All the tension of the day’s work vanishes. It then refreshes and prepares us for the next day’s work.