Q.1.   Read the poem carefully and write a note on Eliot’s idealism and commitment to ensure a bright future.

Or     What is the moral lesson of the poem?


T.S. Eliot has a firm belief in idealism and optimism. This faith is coupled with courage and fortitude. The poet is optimistic about a brighter future for man. He advises us to accept the troubles and challenges of life with a smiling face and courage. We should set high goals before us and then strive fearlessly to achieve them.

The poet says that our stay in this world is very short. We are to depart to an unseen goal and unseen world with open hopeful eyes. Before departure, we should plan well because our path may be full of twists and turns. We may become doubtful and fearful about the outcome of our efforts. Hardships of the journey may disappoint us. But we must not be discouraged. We must work for a better future with a strong belief and determination.

He says standing on the shore of life we may hesitate to plunge into this sea of life for being unaware of the dangers of the deep waters of the sea. To him, life is a long lane full of rose and hawthorn. The future is bright and tempting to a man who has a strong faith, conviction, and courage. We must respond to the call of great duties positively. We must leave the world better than we have received it. So, we should live and die in this struggle. We should struggle regularly whether we succeed or fail. This effort is a reward in itself. 243


Q.2.   What is the Importance of the 20th Century?

Or       How can the 20th century be proved to be a turning point for human civilization?


Many great duties devolve upon the 20th century. These duties are called upon us to be more responsible because nobody knows about our fate, future life in terms of good and great deeds and the pains and miseries of our future life. Also, nobody knows whether the 20th century will create heroes greater and better than those of the olden times (19th century). But we hope better conditions and heroes in our future life.

The poet says if the people of this century will have to work hard with eager and willing hearts to make the destiny of the 20th century shining. They should work hard for a better future to achieve a proud estate and then, this best estate/legacy with its advantages and benefits would be bestowed on the future centuries.

The people of the coming century would only say that people of the 20th century have helped to make their future glorious and raising their flag to height.

The poet says that the people of the 20th century would not be forgotten at any age because of their good deeds for the future generation.

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