F.A BOOK -1 (Q&A)

1. BUTTON, BUTTON

  1. Why did Norma consider the tone and attitude of Mr. Steward Offensive?

When Mr. Steward came, Norma was busy in her kitchen. He wanted to have her time to tell her about the product but she refused considering him a sales man. He insisted that it might prove valuable for her monetarily. This tone and attitude of Steward proved to be offensive for Norma.

  • Why did Arthur disagree with his wife?

Arthur was an innocent and simple man. He was not greedy like her wife. He disagreed with his wife because he considered the offer as an immoral. He thought it a “murder” to kill any one unknown in any part of the world.

  • Why did Norma try to persuade her husband to agree with her?

Norma tried to persuade her husband to agree with her as she wanted to get the money and improve her life style. She thought that killing of some unknown person for such a handsome amount was not bad thing to her.

  • What were the reasons Norma gave to her husband to accept the offer? Or why did Norma want 50,000?

Norma tried to convince her husband by saying that she was not thinking of herself alone. She was actually thinking about themselves. They wanted to have a trip to the Europe, a cottage, a well furnished house and a car. She wanted to get money to improve social status.

  • Why did Mr. Steward continue persuading Norma?

Mr. Steward continued persuading Norma to make her accept the offer of $50,000 for pushing button unit. In return, he will get his commission from his organization.

  • What was the message Norma received on pushing the button?

On pushing the button, Norma received a phone call from Lenox Hill Hospital. The voice gave the message of her husband’s death by being pushed from the platform in front of the train.

  • What is the significance of Arthur’s life-insurance policy?

Arthur’s life insurance policy is of $ 25,000. It has a great importance for Norma because she was interested in money. It is more important because it will be doubled in case of accidental death.

Did Norma remain normal on hearing the news of the accident of her husband?                                                                                                                                            Norma did not remain normal on hearing the news of her husband’s accident. Her breath seemed to stop, she walked numbly to kitchen and she felt something cold had pressed at her skull.

  • What moral lesson does the story teach?

The story tells us that man should not be selfish. Some people do not care for others’ life for their own benefit. Life is more important than wealth. Murder of an individual is the murder of the whole humanity. Every person is important irrespective of his cast, colour or creed.

10. Why didn’t Norma remain true to her husband?

Norma did not remain true to her husband because she wanted to raise her social status or living standard. She wanted to get money so that she might have a trip to the Europe, a cottage and a well furnished house. She was in actual a greedy and selfish woman.    

11. Who was Norma?

Norma was a modern and fashionable woman who wanted to lead a luxurious life. Although she was sincere to her husband yet she wanted to get money even at the cost of the life of her husband. She was a selfish and greedy woman.

12. Who was Arthur?                                                                                                                                        

Arthur Lewis was husband of Norma. He had love for his wife Norma. He was a responsible and sensible man. He was not greedy like his wife. He had feelings for others. He thought it a “murder” to kill any one unknown in any part of the world.

13. Do you agree with Norma’s assertion that the death of someone you have        never  seen is not important?

No, we don’t agree with Norma in this matter because killing of any person whether is unknown to you is murder. Life is more important than wealth. Murder of an individual is the murder of the whole humanity. Every person is important irrespective his cast, colour or creed. 

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2-CLEARING IN THE SKY

  1. Why did the old man not follow the advice of the doctors

The old man did not follow the advice of the doctor to take a rest because he was a hardworking man and he had to raise family of five children. He knew if he had stopped working, he would become lazy and would die very soon.

  • What had the doctors told the old man? Or what was the advice of the doctors?                                                                                                            

The doctors had advised/told the old man to take rest and not to walk even the length of a city block because he had a heart problem. The doctors also advised him to get a taxi to reach home. The doctors had been advising for forty years.

  • Where did the old man take his son? Or why did the old man take his son to the   mountain?                                                                                                                    

The old man took his son to show a small clearing of not more than three-fourth of an acre right on the mountain top. This patch of land was cultivated by the old man secretly.

  • Had the son ever been there before?

The son had been to the top of the mountain many times. But for the last three years he didn’t go the   there.

  • What were the names of the vegetables the old man grew on his farm?                                                                                                                                               Corn, yam, beans, pumpkin, potatoes and tomatoes were the names of the vegetables, which the    old man used to plant on the farm.
  • Why did the old man take the steep path?                                                                                   The old man took the steep path to show his son that he was still healthy and strong. He could walk to the top of the hill. His doctor used to say that his heart was weak and his days were numbered. He also wanted to prove their fears wrong.
  • Why did the son at the age of six cry and cry?                                                                                       The son cried and cried at the age of six because he had lost his little wooden plough   which his father had made for him. He loved that plough a lot.
  • What were the feelings of old man at the age of seventy?                                                     At the age of seventy, the old man felt quite young and energetic. He was full of hope. He wanted to work till his death.
  • Why had the old man planted his secret garden?  Or What was the reason that the old man planted that garden on that mountain?                                                                                                                                                                                          The old man planted his secret garden on the mountain because he wanted to grow yam, tomatoes and potatoes on a new soil. He believed that anything grown on a new soil had better taste. Moreover, he planted the garden to make him fit and healthy.
  • Describe the physical appearance of the old man?

The writer’s father was very energetic and strong person. He was seventy years old. He had wrinkles on his red face. He was a heart patient yet he didn’t take his ailment to heart. He was a strange old man.

  • How did the old man feel about the land?

The old man was a great lover of nature. He said that God made that land. It was not man made. The thing he had to do was to clear the trees and to burn the bushes for its cultivation.

  1. What did the son of the old man remember from his childhood? Were these good memories?

He remembered that at the age of six he lost his little wooden plough   which his father had made for him. He wept bitterly for it and his father made an other for him but he loved that plough a lot. These were sad memeories.

  1. What moral lesson does the lesson teach?

The story tells the importance of dignity of labour through an old man who has strong will power, fortitude and determination. He is old and week. He is a heart patient yet he doesn’t take his ailment to heart.

  1. Why were there so many paths circling around the mountain?                                                                                  There were many paths circling around the mountain because they indicated the recovery of the old man from his illness.

3. DARK THEY WERE AND GOLDEN EYED

  1. Why did Harry want to go back to Earth? How was the life at Mars for Harry?                                                                                                        

Harry wanted to go back to earth because he did not like the climate of Mars. It was quite strange and unsuitable for Harry. He felt that the wind blew would flake away their identities and might draw his soul from him. He disliked the desertedness and loneliness of the towns and worn out hills of Mars.                                                                                                                     

  • Why did his wife want to stay?                                                                                                          

Harry’s wife wanted to stay there as she was afraid of the nuclear war on earth. She also wanted to save her life as well as her husband and children.                                                                          

  • What was the climate they faced?                                                                                                                     

They faced the severe and adverse climate of Mars. It was quite strange and unsuitable for them. They felt that the wind blew would flake away their identities and might draw his soul from them.                                                                                  

  • What was the condition of the Bittering family on hearing the news of attack of atom bomb on Earth?                                                                                                                         

The Bittering family got nervous and perplexed after hearing the news of attack of atom bomb. Cora held onto her husband. Laura started weeping. Harry’s face was poring sweet. They would not be able to go back to earth for a long time.                                                                                                                        

  • What did they want to grow?                                                                                                       

They wanted to grow crops, onions, children and peach on the earth of the Mars.

  • What was the condition of their house?

The condition of their house was not desirable. Air had burnt the paint of the house while the night changed the shape of the boards.                                                  

  • What was the advice Harry gave to the people? Did they agree? Or Why did Mr. Harry Bittering try to build the rocket?                                                                                                                                             

Harry advised the people to build a rocket to go back to their mother land because he loved the life on earth. But the people started laughing and joking at this advice of building a rocket.                                   

  • How much dangerous a Martian virus can be?                                                                                   

A Martian virus can be very dangerous for the Bittering family because it can change the taste, colour and appearance of vegetables and fruit. It can also distort the appearance and colour of human eyes and bodies.      

  • Under what circumstances the Bittering family had to pass through? Or What did Harry/ his family feel on Mars?                                                                                         

After landing on Mars, the Bittring family had to pass through a severe type of climate. Harry felt that the wind blew would flake away their identities and might draw his soul from him. Harry felt his hair fluttering and the tissues of his body were becoming tight as if he were standing in the center of a vacuum. The colour and appearance of their eyes and faces were changing constantly.                                                                                           

  1. How social were the people of mars?                                                                           

The people on Mars were quite sociable and amicable to others. They have become accustomed to the life of Mars. They enjoyed their life while chatting together. They were happy in new planet.

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4-THANK YOU, M’AM

  1. What was the time when a boy tried to snatch the purse of a woman?

      It was about eleven o’clock at night when the boy tried to snatch the purse of the woman.

  • What happened to the boy when he tried to snatch the purse?

      When the boy tried to snatch away the purse, its strap broke. The boy lost his balance and fell down on his back on the sidewalk and his legs flew up.

  • What was the reaction of the woman?

      The woman got furious. She simply turned around and kicked him square in his blue jeaned sitter and picked him by the front shirt tightly. She shook him forcibly.

  • What was the conduct of the people who saw the incident?        

      The conduct of the people was not good. Two or three people who were passing by saw the incident. They stopped and turned to look the incident and some stood watching for some time.

  • How did the boy look physically? Or how old was the boy?

      Physically, the boy looked very frail (weak) and willow wild (thin). He was fourteen or fifteen years old. He was in tennis shoes and blue jeans. His face was unclean.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

  • What was the condition of the boy when the woman gave him a few jerks?

      When the woman gave the boy a few jerks, he became nervous. His teeth began rattling because of fear. He became helpless before the large woman and did not show any reaction.

  • Why did the woman ask the boy to wash his face?

      The woman asked the boy to wash his face because his face was very dirty. She called him her son so she wanted to see him clean and tidy and make him a good boy.

  • Why didn’t boy run from the house of the woman?

      The boy did not want to run away from the house of the woman because he did not want to be mistrusted by her. She was very kind to him and he did not want to break her trust.

  • Why did not the woman watch the boy while preparing a dish?

      The woman did not watch the boy as she thought that he would not run due to her affectionate behaviour. She also wanted to make him realize that she trusted him.

  1. What was the nature of the woman’s job? 08, What did the woman do in a hotel?

      She did job in a hotel beauty shop where she used to cut the hair of women of different nationalities and colour.

11. What was the effect of the behaviour of the woman with the boy?

      The boy was impressed by her sympathetic behaviour. He did not run away from the house of the woman because of her kind behavior. He promised to become a good boy.

12.  Why did she treat the boy in her home after punishing him in the street?

      She punished him in the street because he had made a mistake. She treated him kindly at home because she wanted to make him to be a good boy.

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5- A PIECE OF STRING

  1. Why did Manana accuse Hubert of picking the lost pocket-book?08

      Mr. Manana accused Hubert of picking up the lost pocket book because he saw Manana picking some object on the way from the road. He took it for the pocket book and accused him of theft.

  • What did people think of Hubert when they heard the return of the pocket-book by some other person?

      When some other person returned the pocket-book, people did not believe it. They said, “Those       are lying excuses.” It became the source of their amusement.

  • Why did George give the pocket-book to his employer? 08,07

George gave the pocket-book to his employer because he did not know how to read the name and address on the pocket book.

  • What did make Hubert shameful? 07,08,09

      Hubert was a simple and noble hearted man. People didn’t believe in him. They called him a thief and a liar which made him shameful.

  • Why did the people make fun of his innocence?

      People made fun of Hubert’s innocence because they did not believe in him and his story about an ordinary thing like the piece of string. It was also because he was a poor man. They abuse him to amuse themselves.

  • Why did he keep claiming his innocence before his death? 07

      Hubert was a noble and simple hearted man. He was called liar and a thief by people. He kept on claiming his innocence before his death because he wanted to prove that he was not liar.

  • Who was Hubert?

      Mr. Hubert was a noble, simple hearted, truthful and innocent person. He was accused of picking the lost pocket book. His innocence was proved when an other person namely George returned the pocket book but people said, “Those are lying excuses.” He took it to heart and died in agony within month. Afterward flood proved his innocence when everything was destroyed except the grave of this noble man.

  • Why did Mayor not believe in innocence of Hubert?

      The Mayor didn’t believe in his innocence because he had faith in Manana who accused Hubert of picking the lost pocket book.  Moreover, he considered that such crimes are committed only by poor people like Hubert.   

  • What was the mentality of the people who didn’t believe Hubert?

      The mentality of the people who didn’t believe Hubert was like that of traditional villagers who always need a new thing to talk about and amuse themselves. When they knew the story of picking the lost pocket book, they began to talk about it.

  1. What was engraved on the tomb-stone of Hubert?

      It was engraved on Hubert’s tomb stone, “Here lies a man who told nothing but truth. Here lies the man who would not prove his innocence, but the flood proved it.”

  1. What is the theme of the story?

      The main theme of the story is that protecting your innocence makes most people, believe you are guilty. Mr. Hubert denied the charge of picking the lost pocket book. The pocket book was found but people still didn’t believe his innocence. People called him liar. He kept on pleading for his innocence. It made him guilty in the eyes of people.

  1. Was it necessary for Hubert to continue pleading his innocence?

Mr. Hubert denied the charge of picking the lost pocket book. The pocket book was found but people still didn’t believe his innocence. People called him liar. He kept on pleading for his innocence. It made him guilty in the eyes of people. So, it was not necessary for him to plead his innocence.

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6-THE REWARD

  1. What was the subject discussed at the club? 06,08

       The subject discussed at the club was of “opportunity and determination.” 

  • What did Terbut think of Jorkens’ argument?

      Terbut did not agree to the argument of Jorkens because he believed that opportunity was also required with determination to succeed.

  • How did Jorkens convince that a man can become skating champion of Sahara?

      Jorkens convinced others that a man could become a skating champion of Sahara by making money, building skating rink, organizing a competition and giving all his time to his goal.

  • What was the aim/ambition of Gorgios in his boy-hood?

      He was a good athlete in his boy-hood and wanted to be court acrobat in his future life

  • How did Gorgios persuade people to make, his country strong?

      Gorgios persuaded people to make their country strong. For this he asked them to create the post of acrobat. He would perform there. His performance would encourage their soldiers and nation to strengthen themselves. They would serve the nation in a better way.

  • What was the view point of the parents of Gorgios?

      The parents of Gorgios were against his ambition. They said that he must avail the opportunity instead of sticking to his aim. Opportunity was more important than determination according to his parents.

  • What were the arrangements made for the function of inauguration? Or describe the scene of function.

      A special dress had been made for Gorgios. Great curtains of red and gold were hung along the walls, high swings with gilded ropes from the ceiling and a row of neat hurdles were arranged on the polished floor.

  • Describe the scene of inauguration. Write five lines.

      The scene of the inauguration ceremony was very impressive. Lights glittered and a band played softly. The brilliant dresses of ladies were totally shaded under the golden light which came with Gorgios, who was wearing a tight red uniform of Court acrobat.

  • Did Gorgios use any short cut to achieve his ambition?

      No, Gorgios did not adopt any short cut to achieve his ambition and worked throughout his life to accomplish his task.

  1. For how long Gorgios had to stick to get his ambition achieved?

      For the accomplishment of his aim and goal Gorgios had to work upto the age of sixty.

  1. What were the feelings of Gorgios on the occasion?

      On that occasion, Gorgios was feeling sad because he was not able to perform any trick. He was old then. However, he was satisfied that he had realized his dream.

  1. What is the lesson that the story teaches?         

      The story teaches that it is determination and fortitude that can overcome all the hurdles in man’s way to glory and success. A person who remains determined and keeps on his struggle wins his ambition in the end.

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7-THE USE OF FORCE

  1. What was the condition of the parents on the arrival of the doctor?

On the arrival of the doctor, the condition of the parents was not good. Their daughter was ill. They were very upset and nervous due to her illness. The mother looked startled and apologetic.

  • What was the behaviour of the child with the doctor?

The behaviour of the child with the doctor was very bad. She was rude and non cooperative. She didn’t want to be examined by him. She was looking at him with her cold and steady eyes.

  • Did the sick girl promptly respond to the instructions of the doctor?

The sick girl did not promptly respond to the instructions of doctor and her attitude towards the doctor remained the same. She was looking at him with her cold and steady eyes.

  • Did the girl change her expression when the doctor said, “Does your throat hurt you?”

No, the girl did not change her expression when the doctor asked the girl if her throat hurt her. She was looking at him with her cold and steady eyes.

  • What did the girl do when the doctor moved nearer her?

As the doctor moved nearer the girl, she at once tried to claw his eyes and knocked his glasses that fell away on the floor.

  • Why did the doctor call the girl by her first name?

The doctor called the girl by her first name because he wanted to show his love for her. He wanted to get her trust so that he might examine her throat.

  • Why did the parents rebuke her?

The parents rebuked her because she was misbehaving with the doctor. She was not ready to open her mouth and she also attempted to claw the eyes of doctor. She threw his glasses several feet away from him.

  • What was the threat of the doctor to the child for not showing her throat?

The child was not showing her throat. The doctor was annoyed at her impolite behaviour. He threatened her that he would open her mouth by force if she didn’t cooperate her.

  • Why did she break the wooden blade? What did she do when the doctor forcibly opened her mouth?

When the doctor forced the wooden blade into her mouth to examine her tonsils, she became angry and broke the wooden blade to show her protest against him.

  1. Why did the doctor become furious?

  When the doctor forced the wooden blade into her mouth to examine her tonsils, she became angry and broke the wooden blade to show her protest against him. This rude attitude made the doctor furious.

  1. What was the condition of the tonsils of the sick girl?

         The condition of the tonsils of the sick girls was not good. They were covered with the membrane and she had been facing that trouble for a few days.  It seemed that she was suffering from diphtheria.

  1. How did the child look by appearance?

         The girl was beautiful. She had blonde hair. She was as strong as a heifer. She looked like those children whose pictures were published in newspapers.

  1. Why did the parents keep the sick child in the kitchen?

The parents kept the sick child in the kitchen to keep her warm as it was cold outside.

  1. How did the doctor succeed in examining her throat?

         The doctor succeeded in examining her throat by the use of force. He held both of her wrists and then grasped the child’s head with left hand. He forced the heavy silver spoon into her mouth and she opened the mouth. Now he examined her throat.

  1. Describe the feelings of the doctor in his struggle to diagnose the disease?

         The doctor wanted to examine her throat but she was not willing to get her throat examined. She broke her spatula and threw her glasses on the floor. The doctor became furious because he was now fed up with the girl’s attitude and wanted to see the tonsils at any cost.

  1. Under what circumstances the use of force can be justified?

         The use of force is justified under certain circumstances. When children show resistance to get themselves examined, it becomes necessary to use force in order to save their life. It is also necessary to nip the evil.

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8-GULASTAN SAADI

  1. What was the advice given by Naushirvan to his people?

Naushirvan was the king of Persia. He was famous for his justice. He was judicious. He was a good ruler. He was aware of the responsibilities of a ruler. Naushirvan advised his people: “A tyrant does not remain curse on him abides for ever!”

  • What was the remedy suggested for the disease of the king?

The physicians suggested cure for the disease of the king that the bile of the king should be replaced by the bile of a person which contained certain qualities

  • Why did the boy look to the sky and smiled?

The boy looked towards the sky and smiled because only God could help him when his parents, the king and the Qazi were against his life.

  • What did the Qazi do?

 The Qazi issued a decree that a person’s blood should be shed for the health of the king.

  • Why did the king weep?

The king wept on hearing the words of the boy. He became ashamed of his selfish and cruel behaviour. He said that it was better for him to die than to shed the blood of an innocent boy.

  • How did the king recover?

The king recovered within a week after he had given wealth to the boy who was going to be killed for his health. His recovery was God’s reward for his mercy.

  • Who was Naushirvan? Or Why was Naushirvan famous for?

Naushirvan was the king of Persia. He was famous for his justice. He was judicious. He was a good ruler. He was aware of the responsibilities of a ruler. Naushirvan advised his people: “A tyrant does not remain curse on him abides for ever!” He never allowed his workers to exploit the name of king.

  • What should be the role of king? Can an unjust king flourish?

The king should be just and honest to his subject. He should have observant eye. He should not let any body exploit the name of king. He should work for the welfare of the people. He should not be cruel to anyone because a tyrant does not remain but curse on him abides for ever. An unjust king can never flourish.

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9-THE FOOLISH QUACK

  1. What is a clump of trees?

      It means a group or cluster of trees grown very close to one another.

  • What was stuck in the camel’s throat?

      A melon was stuck in the throat of the camel when he was grazing in the melon field.

  • What did quack pretend to cure?

        The quack pretended to cure the ailment of goiter.

  • What was the result of the cure? Or how did the quack try to cure the old woman?

        The quack tied up the old woman’s throat with blanket and hit the swollen part so severely that the old woman died on the spot.

  • What was the punishment inflicted upon the quack by the villagers?

        The punishment inflicted upon the quack by the villagers was to dig the grave of the old woman otherwise he would be presented before the king and be hanged.

  • For whom did the quack dig the grave?

        The quack dug the grave for the old woman who was killed due to his strange cure.

  • What did the quack do in the next village?

      The quack again pretended to be the doctor of goiter in the next village.

  • Why didn’t the villagers let the old man be cured?

      The villagers did not let the old man be cured because they got angry when the quack said if the old man died, they would not compel him to dig his grave.

  • Why did the quack come back to the camel men?

        The quack came back to the camel men to blame them for not telling him the right way of treating and

        learning the exact and correct method for curing the goiter.

  1. How did the camel men cure their camel?

        The camel men tied up the camel’s throat with blanket and hit the swollen part so severely that the melon in the throat broke in to pieces and the camel swallowed them easily.

  1. How did the come to realize his error? Or How did the camel man teach lesson to quack?

        The camel man first struck a camel with a heavy stick. The camel did not take notice. Then he struck the quack who fell unconscious due to the blow. In this way the man taught him a lesson and quack realized his error what is good for animals may not be good for human beings.

  1. What is the central idea of the story?

        The central idea of the’ story is that the thing which is good for animals (camels) is not good for human beings (old men and women).                                                                                              

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10- A MILD ATTACK OF LOCUSTS

  1. What are locusts?

      Locusts are winged insects similar to the grass-hoppers that destroy the crops and vegetables.

  • Why did the farmers throw wet leaves on fire?

      The farmers threw wet leaves on fire because they wanted to produce more and more thick smoke so that locusts may fly away from their fields.

  • What was the desire of every farmer?

      Every farmer desired that the locusts should not eat or destroy his crops and settle somewhere else instead of his farm.

  • Did Margaret know what to do to keep the locusts away?

      Margaret did not know what she actually had to do to keep the locusts away from the fields and farms.

  • What was the condition of the trees?

      The condition of the trees was not good. All the trees looked strange and still. They were clotted with insects. Their boughs stooped to the ground and locusts were crawling every where.

  • How did old Stephen treat the stray locust which he found in his pocket?

      Old Stephen picked the stray locust off his shirt and split it down with his thumbnail and found that it was clotted with the eggs.

  • Are the hoppers different from the locusts?

      Locusts are quite different from the hoppers. Hoppers are the young ones while the locusts are grown up insects.

  • Did Margaret lose heart on the loss of crops?

      No, Margaret did not lose heart on the loss of the crops. She was courageous and bold. She did not even think of locusts.

  • Why are the locusts compared with had weather?

      The locusts are compared with the bad weather because both destroy crops.

  1. Why did the men eat their supper with good appetite?                                                                      The men ate their food with good appetites because they were tired and hungry. They had to replant all the crops and had to set for work from the beginning.
  2. What did old Stephen tell Margaret about the locusts?

      Old Stephen told Margaret about the locusts that they were full of eggs. They wanted to settle somewhere so that they could lay their eggs.

  1. What were the feelings of Margaret after the attack of locusts?

      After the attack of the locusts, Margaret felt herself a survivor of the war, a person who had survived a great disaster

  1. How did farmers try to get rid of the locusts?

      Farmers tried to get rid of them by making loud noises and burning huge fires to produce smoke.

  1. What was the condition of the countryside?

      Everywhere about fifty miles in the countryside, there was smoke rising from the fires which had been burnt by the farmers.

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11- I HAVE A DREAM

  1. What was the cause of Negroes’ discontentment?

      The cause of Negroes’ discontentment was the fact that they had no freedom in their country and they had no rights.

  • What are the qualities of the veterans of creative suffering?

       Some of the qualities of the veterans of creative sufferings are: they have a quest for freedom; they face many persecutions and brutalities of the police.

  • What is the dream of Martin Luther King?

      Martin Luther King had a dream that one day his nation would rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. People will realize the truth that all men were created equal.

  • What should be the faith of Negroes?

      The faith of the Negroes’ should be that a day will come when they will be able to join hands with the white and will walk together for the betterment of each other.

  • What was the necessity of pleading the case of Negroes’ freedom?

      Pleading the case of Negroes’ freedom was quite necessary because the Negroes were suffering from great trials and tribulations. They were a victim of social persecutions and police brutalities.

  • What should be the criterion of judgment for a person?      

      The criterion of judgment for a person should not be the colour of his skin, but his character and his contribution towards his country.

  • Do the Negroes enjoy liberty in all the parts of their country?

      No, the Negroes do not enjoy liberty in all parts of their country and they were

      treated with brutality .

  • From which part of the country the Negroes gathered there?

      Negroes gathered there from all parts of the country such as Mississipi, Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana, etc.

  • Write down the song in your own words?

      The simple paraphrase of the song is, “My country is a sweet land of liberty. I sing for this land where m father died. It is a land of the pilgrims’ pride and let the freedom ring from every side of it.”

  1. What is the effect of the repetition of words?

      The repetition of the words creates a very strange effect of sensation and enthusiasm. It also confirms the speaker’s belief.

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12-THE GIFT OF MAGI

  1. How much Della could save for Christmas?

                  Della could save only one dollar and eighty seven cents for Christmas gifts.

  • Why did Delia feel pride in the beauty of her hair?

                  Della felt pride in her beautiful hair because nothing was as beautiful as hair. It looked like a falling stream of brown water. It reached below her knees.

  • Why did she sell her hair?

                  Della sold her hair because she wanted to buy a Christmas gift for Jim but she had not enough money to buy a good gift.

  • Why did Jim sell the gold watch?

      Jim sold the gold watch because he wanted to buy a gift of combs for Della.

  • Why did they want to present the gifts?

      They wanted to present gifts because they loved each other and did not like to celebrate Christmas without gifts.

  • Why did she feel sad on losing her hair?

      She felt sad on losing her hair because they were very beautiful and Jim liked them very much.

  • Why didn’t Jim welcome her when he stepped in?

      Jim did not welcome her when he stepped in because he was shocked to see Delia without her hair.

  • What did he bring out from his coat?

      He brought out the combs for Delia’s hair, which she had liked very much.

  • How beautiful was the gold watch chain?

      The gold watch chain was very simply made with pure and rich gold. It was also very plain and simple just like a good thing.

  1. What was the wisdom in selling the most valuable things?

      The wisdom in selling the most valuable things was that they sacrificed for each other to show that love for them was more important than costly things.

  1. What did Della tell Jim about the growth of hair?

      Della told Jim about her hair that she had sold them to buys gift for him and her hair would grow very rapidly

  1. What is the theme of the story?

      The theme of the story is that life becomes more beautiful and lovable with the exchange of gifts. It also shows that love is more important than anything else.

  1. What did Della do after counting her saving?

      After counting her savings, Della cried and wept because she could not buy gifts with this amount. 

  1. What were the two things which were the cause of pride for the James Dillingham Youngs?

      Two things were the cause of pride for the James Dillingham Youngs. One was the golden family watch of Jim and the second was the beautiful long hair of Della.

  1. Who were Magi?

      Magi were wise men of the east who brought gifts to the new born Christ. These gifts revealed their deep love for the child. In the story, Delia and Jim have been called Magi because each sold the most valuable thing she/he owned to buy a gift for the other.

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13-GOD BE PRAISED

  1. What was alias Abul’s full name?

      Alias Abul’s full name was Maulvi Abul Barkat.

  • What was his turban known as and where it originally came from?

      His turban was known as Mashadi Lungi as it came originally from Mashad, Iran.

  • What did he always carry with him?

      He always carried with him a stick just like a scepter which was decorated with the bands of brass and gilt

  • Describe Maulvi’s appearance?

      Maulvi Abul wore a light brown turban on his head. He always carried a stick while walking and used fragrant oil. He had slightly bulging eyes and wore silver rings with large turquoise stones on his fingers. He wore a turban known as Mashadi Lungi on his head.

  • How much did the Maulvi collect on every Eid?

      On every Eid, after his sermon, the Maulvi collected 150 to 200 rupees from his devotees.

  • How much was distributed among the needy and the poor?

      The Maulvi was a God fearing person. He distributed about 40 to 50 rupees among the poor and the needy of the village in the presence of the worshipper.

  • What was the name of his eldest daughter?

      He had three daughters. Mehrunnisa was the name of his eldest daughter.

  • What was the name of the member of the District Board where the Maulvi lived?

      Chaudhary Fatehdad was the member of the District Board of the area where Maulvi Abul lived.

  • What was the name of his wife?

      Zaibunnisa was the name of the wife of Maulvi Abul.

  1. Write the names of the other two daughters who were mentioned in the     story?

      Zabdatunnisa and Shamsunnisa were the names of the other two daughters mentioned in the story.

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15-OVER COAT

  1. What was the colour of the overcoat? Or What were the features of the overcoat of young man? Or What was the condition of the coat of young man?

The colour of the overcoat of the young man was brown. It was old. The coat was well cut and its material was good. The lapels were stiff and the sleeves were well creased while it had big and shiny buttons.

  • What was the appearance of young man? Or what was the dress of the young man?

The Youngman was looking well groomed and well to do. His hair was sleek and shining. He wore side burns and had thin moustache He was wearing a brown overcoat, a green flat hat and a white silk scarf knotted at his neck.

  • Why did the people come out on the Mall? Where did the people converge on the Mall?

The people converge on the Mall because they wanted to have fun and they wanted to amuse themselves among the variety of hotels, restaurants, cafes and snack bars.

  • What were the people wearing who came on the Mall?

Most of the people on the Mall were wearing overcoats of various types and materials.

  • Why was the cat shivering?

The cat was shivering because of the cold wind and weather.

  • Why did the driver of the truck speed away after the accident?

The driver sped away after the accident because he had realized that something serious had happened. He did not want to be involved in some accident.

  • Who took the young man after accident to the hospital?

A traffic inspector took the young man to the hospital with the help of other people who had gathered there.

  • What was playing in one of the restaurants? Or what did he see in the restaurant?

An orchestra was playing in one of the restaurants.

  • Give the list of the articles/things which were found from the coat of the young man? What was there in the pockets of young man’s overcoat?

A small black comb, a handkerchief, six annas, a few pies, a half smoked cigarette, a little diary of names and addresses of a few people, a list of gramophones record and a few hand bills from the distributors were the things which were found in the pockets of overcoat.

  1. What is theme of the story?

The story is about a Youngman who conceals his poverty and misery by wearing overcoat. By wearing overcoat, he seems to be a rich young man going out on the Mall for walk but when he is crushed and dies in the hospital, it comes to know that he was a very poor young man. He wore overcoat just to keeps up appearances and to hide his poverty.

  1. What is the moral lesson of the lesson?

The story teaches us a lesson that we should present ourselves before others as we are. We should not be should not adopt double standard just to keep up appearances. It is the criticism on the hypocrisy of the society, so called social set up and unfair distribution of wealth in economy.

16. The Angel and the Author –and Others

  1. At what point of journey in his dream did the author hear the throbbing sound of wings?

The point at which only a faint luminosity buried beneath the darkness remained,

  • What time of year was it?

               It was about a fortnight after charismas when the write had a vexing dream.

  • What does the author like about Christmas?

              The write says that at Christmas all men and women become generous. A little child gives Bovril to the shivering street arab and the good old red faced squire gives plum pudding to the villagers. Christmas makes every body good. It is what the author likes about Christmas.

  • Write down the good deeds of the author has admitted are a great job on a charismas?

               Giving Bovril and plum pudding to the poor and the needy are the good deeds the author has admitted a great job on charismas.

  • Why noble deeds are always a great joy for the author?

The noble deeds are always a great joy for the author because they give him spiritual satisfaction and will become a source of his salvation in the next world.

Author: readingi

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