Application & Stories

Notes

On

Applications

&

Moral Stories

1- Write an application to the principal of your college for the remission of fine. Or apologizing him for the misconduct in class room (2003, 2005,

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request for the Remission of Fine/Apologizing For the Misconduct

Sir,

With august and veneration it is stated that I am a student of intermediate part I in this college. I have been fined Rupees 200 for misbehavior with a worthy member of the staff in class room. I am ashamed of my act and realize that I had committed a big folly. I sought apology from my worthy teacher. He being a very kind teacher acceded to my request arid has forgiven me. My academic record shows that I am a studious and industrious student.  I passed my last examination in full securing 75% marks. I assure you that such act of rudeness will never occur in future.  I request you to forgive me for my misconduct and remit my fine because I am very poor student.      

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                 Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                                 X.Y.Z.


2-Write an application to the principal of your college for the issuance of Certificate Provisional Certificate/Testimonials,

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request for the Issuance of Character Certificate

Sir,

With august and veneration it is stated that I have been the student of this college during the session 2005-2007. I have passed my F.A. Examination in 1st division. I have been a bonafide student and borne a good moral character during my college days. I also have been a player of hockey team. Now I intend to apply for the post of assistant clerk. Therefore it is requested to you to grant me a character certificate so that I may apply for the post mentioned above.

I would be very thankful to you for this act of kindness.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                 Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                    X.Y.Z.

3-Write an application to the principal of your college for fee concession.

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request for Fee Concession

Sir,

With august and veneration it is stated that I am a student of intermediate part I in this college. I belong to a poor family. My father is a poor clerk. His monthly income is Rupees 7000/- and it is quite difficult for him to meet my educational expenses. Two of my elder brothers and sisters are also studying in addition to me. It is requested to you to give me a half fee concession so that I may continue my studies. My academic record shows that I am a studious and industrious student. I passed my last examination in full securing 75% marks.

I hope you will favour me with this act of kindness and benevolence.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                 Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                    X.Y.Z.


4-Write an application to the principal of your college for the grant of Stipend or scholarship.

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:           Request For The Grant Of A Scholarship/Stipend

Sir,                                                    

With august and veneration it is stated that I belong to a poor family. My father is a poor clerk. His monthly income is Rupees 7000/- and it is quite difficult for him to meet my educational expenses. Two of my elder brothers and sisters are also studying in addition to me. It is requested to you to grant me a merit based scholarship so that I may continue my studies. My academic record shows that I am a studious and industrious student. I passed my last examination in full securing 75% marks.

I hope you will favour me with this act of kindness and benevolence.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                 Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                    X.Y.Z.

5-Write an application to the principal of your college for the grant of leave on your elder brother/sister/cousin’s marriage.

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request For The Marriage Leave

Sir,

With august and veneration it is stated that the marriage ceremony of my elder brother is going to be held on the 25th of this month in Lahore. As my presence is mandatory, I shall be unable to attend college. It is requested to you to grant me leave for four days only with effect from­­­­­­­­­­­ March 23, 2009 to March 26, 2009.

I shall be indebted to you for this act of kindness.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                  Yours obediently,
                                                                                                                                     X.Y.Z.


6-Write an application to the principal of your college for the grant of medical  leave .

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request For The Medical Leave

Sir,    

With august and Veneration it is stated that I have been suffering from high fever for several weeks. My illness has badly affected my health. I am getting myself checked by a specialist doctor and taking medicines regularly. Owing to much weakness, my doctor has advised me to take complete rest for two weeks more. So it is requested to you to grant me leave for two weeks so that I may regain my health soon to attend my classes. I am sending medical certificate with my application.

I shall be indebted to you for this act of kindness.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                     Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        X.Y.Z.

7-Write an application to the principal of your college for the change of subject .

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request for the Change of Subject

Sir,

With august and veneration it is stated that I am a student of intermediate part I in this college. I took economics as one of the elective subjects. I have attended lectures on this subject for one and a half month regularly. I have now realized that the subject of economics is beyond my understanding.  I request you to allow me to change my subject of economics and to take history besides this so that I may perform well in the examination and secure good marks. I shall be very indebted to you for this act of kindness.                                         

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                                 Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                                 X.Y.Z.


8-Write an application to the principal of your college for the refund of library security .

The principal,                                  

Govt. College, 

Lahore.

Subject:           Request For The Refund Of Library Security

With august and veneration it is stated that I have been the student of this college during the session 2005-2007. I have passed my F.A. Examination in the Ist division. I have been a bonafide student and borne a good moral character during my college days. I also have been a player of hockey team. At the time of admission to 1st year class, I deposited Rs.1000/- as a library security. I had got formal clearance from the librarian. There is no any book issued against my name and roll number. It is therefore requested to refund my library security.

I would be very thankful to you for this act of kindness.

  Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                   Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                        X.Y.Z.

9-Write an application to the principal of your college for the grant of medical  leave .

The principal,                                  

Govt. College,

Lahore.

Subject:          Request for re-admission

Sir,    

With august and veneration it is stated that I am a student of intermediate part I in this college. I remained absent from college for a month without any leave application. I live in remote area therefore I could not submit my leave application.  As a result my name is struck off from the roll call. The reason of my being absent is that I was suffering from high fever. My illness badly affected my health and my doctor advised me take complete rest. It is therefore requested to readmit my name. Medical certificate is enclosed herewith. I shall be indebted to you for this act of kindness.

Dated: March 26, 2009                                                                     Yours obediently,

                                                                                                                        X.Y.Z.

1-UNION IS STRENGTH

                                            (A Farmer and His Three Sons)

The Quaid said, “Unity, faith and discipline are the pillars of integrity”

Once upon a time, there lived a farmer in a village. He had three sons. They had grown up. They always quarrelled among themselves. Their father advised them to live in peace but in vain. He was worried about their future.

One day the farmer fell seriously ill. He sent for his sons. He asked them to collect a handful of sticks which they did at once. He tied the sticks into a bundle. The farmer wanted them to teach a lesson. So he asked them to come one by one to break the bundle. They tried their best to break it but failed. At last the farmer untied the bundle and asked each to break a single stick. They broke the single stick quiet easily.

Their father said,’ “My dear sons, you have seen that sticks were strong when they were tied together and weak when they were untied. Similarly you will be strong when you are united and will be ruined if you are separated from one another.”

These words had a good effect on them and they never quarreled after the death of their father. 188

Moral:

  1. Union is strength (Lahore board 2000, 2004, and 2007)
  2. United you stand divided you fall (2005

2-GOD HELPS THOSE WHO HELP THEMSELVES

(A thirsty crow)

It was a hot summer noon. A crow felt very thirsty. He flew here and there in search of water, but he could not find anywhere. All of a sudden, he caught a sight of a pitcher on the roof of a house. The crow flew up to it and found it half full of water. He tried to drink water but it was too low to drink. First, he was disappointed because he did not know how to quench his thirst. But he did not lose heart and thought of a plan. He flew to the nearest hill and returned with a small pebble in his beak. He dropped it into the pitcher and flew away to bring another. In this way he dropped many pebbles into the pitcher. Slowly the water began to rise. After a while it rose to the mouth of the Pitcher. The crow drank it and flew away happily. If you try hard enough, you may soon find an answer to your problem.

Moral:

  1. Necessity is the mother of invention.
  2. Where there is a will, there is a way.
  3. God helps those who help themselves. 2009
  4. No pains no gains.(2004,
  5. Try, try again(Lahore board2000, 2001

3-THREE FRIENDS AND A BAG OF GOLD

(As you sow, shall you reap)

One day three friends set out through a forest, they saw a bag lying on the ground. They picked that up and were overjoyed to find that full of gold. They decided to divide the gold equally among themselves. They were hungry and tired so they sat under a tree and sent one of them to fetch food from a neighboring town.

In his absence, the other two decided to kill him and to divide the gold equally between themselves. The man, who had gone to fetch food, was also very greedy. He mixed some deadly poison in the food.

He said to himself, “I will have the whole gold, when they eat this meal. I shall go to the town   and start my own business with the gold I get.”

When he came to his companions, they killed him and started eating food. When they ate the poisoned meal, they also died.

Moral:       

  1. As you sow, so shall you reap.(2002
  2. Greed is curse.2009
  3. Do unto others as you would be done by others
  4. He who pits a dig for others falls into it himself
  5. Tit for tat(2003,

4- HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY

(A wood cutter and his axe)

Once there was a woodcutter. He went to the jungle to cut wood, so that he might feed his family by selling them in the market. One day, when he was cutting some wood on the bank of a river, his axe slipped from his hand and fell into the river. He was very sad. He prayed to God. The god Mercury appeared. He asked him “Why are you so sad”? The woodcutter said, I have lost my axe with which I earned my daily bread”. The god was moved. He dived into the deep water and brought out a golden axe. The woodcutter refused to own it. The god dived again and brought out another axe made of silver. The woodcutter refused saying, “My axe was not so beautiful”. The god dived for the third time and brought out his own axe made of iron. The woodcutter was delighted to see his axe and cried, “This is my axe!” the god was so pleased with his honesty that he gave him the other two axes also, as reward for his honesty.

Moral:                                                                                    

  1. Honesty is the best policy.  2003, 2006

5-SLOW AND STEADY WINS THE RACE

(Hare and the tortoise)

Once there lived a hare and a tortoise in a jungle. They were fast friends. The hare was very proud of his fast speed. He used to laugh at the laziness of the tortoise. One day the tortoise took it ill and challenged the hare to run a race. The hare laughed at him, and accepted the challenge. They fixed the top of the distant hill as the destination. The race started on the appointed day. The hare ran as fast as he could and soon he was out of sight. On the way, he thought, “The tortoise will be far behind. I should take some rest for a while.” Thinking this, he lay down under a cool, shady tree and was soon fast asleep.

The tortoise could not run fast, but he did not lose heart. He walked on slowly but steadily. He saw the hare sleeping on the way but he passed by him silently. The tortoise was dead tired but he did not stop. At last he reached the winning post. After a long time, the hare woke up. The sun was setting and he had wasted the whole day in sleeping. He thought that the tortoise would be still far behind. He ran as his legs could carry him. When he reached the winning post, he was much ashamed of finding the tortoise there. He decided not to make fun of his friend again. 238

Moral:

  1. Slow and steady wins the race.(Lahore Board 2003,
  2. Never make fun of others.
  3. Pride hath a fall. (2006

6-DO GOOD HAVE GOOD

                                                      (The mouse and the lion)

Once there lived a lion in a certain jungle. One day he was sleeping in the shade of a tree. There was also living a mouse in that jungle. It saw the lion sleeping and began jumping over the lion. The lion awoke up with anger. He caught the mouse in his paw and wanted to kill it. The mouse got terrified and begged mercy for its life. The lion took pity on it and forgave it.  It thanked the king of the forest and said, “My lord, I may be in some service to you some day.” The lion only smiled to hear this.

A few days later, the lion was caught in a hunter’s trap. The mouse heard his angry roar and ran to the spot. It was the same lion and the mouse decided to do him a good turn. It began to gnaw the ropes. Soon the ropes were broken and the lion got free. After that both of them became fast friends.

MORAL:

  1. Kindness never goes unrewarded. 2009
  2. Do good have good
  3. As you so shall you reap

7-A FRIEND IN NEED IS A FRIEND IN DEED

(Two friends on a journey)

Once, two friends went on a journey together. They were on foot. They promised to help each other through thick and thin. One day, they happened to pass through a forest. Suddenly, they saw a bear coming towards them. The one ran and climbed up a tree. He did not care for his friend. The other was confused but thought of a trick. He at once lay down and held his breath. He knew that the bear does not harm a dead person. The bear came there. He sniffed him, took the man to be dead and went away. When the bear was out of sight, the first came down the tree. By way of joke, he asked his friend what the bear said into his ear. The other man said, the bear advised me not to trust a false friend. Saying this, he left his selfish friend and went on his way alone.

Moral:

  1. A friend in need is a friend in deed
  2. Beware of selfish friends
  3. Do not rely on others

8- All THAT GLITTERS IS NOT GOLD

(The stag and his reflection)

There once lived a proud stag. While wandering in the forest, he came upon a pond. He stopped there to quench his thirst. As he bent down, he saw his own reflection in the water. “How beautiful are my antlers!” he thought, admiring its long curves.

As the stag was admiring his antlers, he suddenly noticed his legs. “Oh! Look at my skinny legs. I cannot believe God has given me both beautiful antlers and such ugly legs,” he thought. The proud stag now felt ashamed of his legs. His pride vanished. Just then the stag heard the roar of a lion. When he turned around he saw a lion charging at him. “Oh no!” screamed the stag and ran as fast as he could.

The stag felt the lion’s breath close to him, “I must get into the densest part of the forest where there are many branches. The lion will not be able to catch me in that part of the forest,” thought the stag. So, the stag ran into an area where there were many bushes and branches. Soon the stag had left the lion far behind.

“Ah, I outsmarted the lion,” thought the stag proudly. But all of a sudden his antlers got entangled between the trunks of two trees standing close to each other. As the stag was struggling to get free, the lion came nearer and nearer. “How I praised my horns and cursed my legs. Now I know the real value of my legs which almost took me to safety,” wailed the stag. The lion pounced on the stag and killed him.

Moral:          

  1. All that glitters is not gold
  2. Pride hath a fall.
  3. Appearance are often deceptive
  4. Do not find fault with the way of God.

9- LOOK BEFOR YOU

                                                               (A fox and a goat)

There was a thirsty fox. She was moving here and there in search of water. She found some water in a well and jumped into it to quench her thirst. She drank water to her satisfaction. Then she tried to come out of the well. She found that the sides of the well were too high for her. At last she got tired and started thinking plans to get out of the well.

By chance a goat passed by the well. She peeped into the well and asked the fox “what are you doing here?” The fox replied, “I am drinking water”. The fox also invited her to get in as the water was pure and cold. Without pondering for a few moments the innocent goat jumped into the well. The clever fox was anxiously waiting for such an opportunity. She jumped on the back of the goat and in a second jump she was out of the well. The goat asked her how she could come out. The fox replied that she should have thought that before she leapt into the well.

Moral:

  1.    Look before you leave. (Annual 2010)
  2.    Haste makes waste. (Annual 2010)

10-A ROLLING STONE GATHERS NO MOSS

Once, birds and animals gathered to choose their king. The birds wished to make the king out of their family while animals insisted to make king out of animals. The eagle and the lion were the two candidates for kingship. The matter could not be decided for a long time and there broke out war.

The bat’s behaviour was quite tricky and deceptive. If the birds seemed to be winning it went to their side. It claimed “I am a bird because I fly”. But if animal appeared to be victorious, it said, “I am an animal because I feed milk to my young ones”. In this way, bat remained waving between two poles. At last the animals won and the lion became the king of all. The bat went to their camp but they turned it out. They accused,” You lay eggs so you are not an animal”. Then it went to birds’ camp they also turned it out by saying, “You are an animal because you feed milk to your young ones”. Since then, the bat lives away from animals and birds. It comes only when it is dark out side.

Moral:

  • A rolling stone gathers no moss.

11. YOU CAN BEFOOL ALL THE PEOPLE ALL THE TIME

Once there was a shepherd boy who had to look after a flock of sheep. One day, he felt bored and decided to play a trick on the villagers. He shouted, “Help! Wolf! Wolf!”

The villagers heard his cries and rushed out of the village to help the shepherd boy. When they reached him, they asked, “Where is the wolf?” The shepherd boy laughed loudly, “Ha, Ha, Ha! I fooled all of you. I was only playing a trick on you.” A few days later, the shepherd boy played this trick again. Again he cried, “Help! Help! Wolf! Wolf!” Again, the villagers rushed up the hill to help him and again they found that boy had tricked them. They were very angry with him for being so naughty.

Then, some time later, a wolf went into the field. The wolf attacked one sheep, and then another and another. The shepherd boy ran towards the village shouting, “Help! Help! Wolf! Help! Somebody!” The villagers heard his cries but they laughed because they thought it was another trick. The boy ran to the nearest villager and said, “A wolf is attacking the sheep. I lied before, but this time it is true!”

Finally, the villagers went to look. It was true. They could see the wolf running away and many dead sheep lying on the grass.

We may not believe someone who often tells lies, even when he tells the truth.

12. THE FOX AND THE GRAPES

It was a sunny day and fox was walking across the fields. Soon he came to a vineyard.

As he came nearer, he could see some bunches of juicy grapes. The fox looked carefully around him. He had to make sure that he was safe from the hunters. He decided to steal some before anyone came along. He jumped upwards but he could not reach the grapes. He jumped again as high as he could. He still could not reach them. The grapes were just too high for him! He was not ready to give up. He backed off, took some running steps and leapt into the air towards the grapes. Again he failed to reach them. It was getting dark, and he was getting angry. His legs hurt with all that running and jumping. At last he stopped trying. As he walked away, he said to himself, “I don’t really want those grapes. I’m sure they are too sour to eat.” Sometimes when we cannot get what we want, we pretend that it is not worth having.

HOMOPHONES

1 Abject [mean]                                                                                                                Object [aim] He is disliked for his abject behavior. My object is to become a doctor.
2 Able [skilled] Capable [competent ] Ali is an able student. He is a capable teacher.
3 Abstain [avoid person eating,drinking]                                                                Refrain [avoid doing] The students must abstain from smoking.                                                           The students should refrain from sitting idle.
  4 Accede [To agree with]                                                                                      Exceed [Cross the limit] He acceded to my request. The essay should not exceed the given limits.
  5 Concede [To  acknowledge] Accept (To agree] Except [apart from] He conceded his defeat.                                                                                         He accepted my request. Every one was there except Ali.
6 Acces [To approach] Excess [more than enough] I have access to my teacher. Excess of every thing is bad.
7 Addition [something added] Edition  [Publication] Auditon [interview] He was solving the sums of addition. Please, bring the latest edition of this book. He got through his auditon.
8 Admit [To accept as true] Coness [To accept a fault or crime] He admits what I say. I admit him capable. The murderer confessed his crime.
9 Admission [permission to join]                                       Admittance [permission to enter]                                       He got admission in F.C. College Lahore. Admittance to the college is not allowed
10 Adapt [To mould] Adopt [To take up and use ] Adept[expert/skilled] He adapted himself to the new environment. She adopted a child. She is adept in singing.
11 Adverse [unfavourable] Averse (against)   Averse [opposite]       Averse [against/opposed ] Drinking has adverse effect on health. They are averse to your plans.  
12 Advise [To suggest]   [2003 Advice [counsel My teacher advised me to work hard Follow a good piece of advice.
13 Effect [influence/result/enforce] Affect [To have an influence on] My advice brings no effect on him. My advice affected him.
14 Affectation [False display] Affection [love/kindness) No body likes affectation.     . God has great affection for man.
15 Inflict [impose/get trouble] Afflict [To cause trouble] He was inflicted by this sad news. We should not afflict the poor.
16 All ready[prepared] Already [before hand] We are all ready to start the function. He has already finished his work.
17 Allusion [indirect reference] Illusion [what seems true but is false] His speech was full of allusions. Life is an illusion.
18 Alter [change] Altar [slaughterhouse] He altered his bad habits/plan. Sheep is slaughtered at the altar.
19 Alternate [by turns] Alternative [replacement] I visit office on alternate days. B.Com. course has no alternative.
20 Amend [change] Emend  [to correct] Mend   [repair/put right] Some people wish to amend the law. Kindly emend your passage to publish. Cobbler mended my shoes.
21 Amiable [likeable ] Amicable [friendly] He has an amiable personality.                                                                    He is an amicable by nature.
22 Enmity   [hostility] Amity [friendship] They have very old enmity. Islam gives the lesson of amity.
23 Answer [response to question] Reply [response to letter etc.] His answer was to the point. He replied to my letter.
24 Ancient (of times long ago] Old [aged] I saw an ancient building. He is an old man.
25 Angel (a spirit working for God] Angle [space in degree] He saw an angel. Draw an angle of 90°.
26 Opposite [against/in front of] Apposite [suitable] He lives opposite to my house. D.A.E is an apposite course.
27 Artiste [a singer or actor] Artist [a performer] Artisan (manual] Ali Zafar is a famous artiste. Jafar Hussain is a great artist. A carpenter is an artisan.
28 Ascend (To go up ] Descend [To go down] The sun ascended in the sky. He descended the stairs carefully.
29 Assent [agreement] Dissent [disagreement] He went for a picnic with my assent. He has shown dissent on the new resolution
30 Audible [that can be heard] Edible [eatable] His voice is audible. Prices of edibles are increasing regularly.
31 Ought [should] Aught [anything] You ought to respect your parents. Is there any aught for me to eat?
32 Avocation [hobby] Vacation [holidays] Vocation [Profession] Doctoring is his vocation. We spent-our summer vacation in Murree.
Gardening is my avocation.
33 Bail [court security]      Bale [Bundle] He was released on bail. He bought a bale of cotton.
34 Ballet [a dance] Ballot [vote] She is a ballet singer. He stamped on ballot paper.
35 Bare [uncovered] Naked [without clothes] Don’t walk bare footed in the sun. Naked children are running in the vill
36 Barren [waste land]. Baron [British nobleman] This is a barren piece of land. He is a baron in England.
37 Battle [limited armed encounter] War [large scale armed encounter ] The Muslims won the battle of Badar. Pakistan won the War of 1965.
38 Beach [seaside] Beech [name of a tree] Karachi has a beautiful beach. He sat under beach tree.
39 Bear [a wild animal] Bear [To endure] Beer [a kind of wine] We saw a bear in the zoo.
He bears me a lot.
Don’t drink beer.
40 Beat [To punish/hit to] Beet [a vegetable] Don’t beat students. We often eat beet.
41 Beneficent [kind] Benefactor [a well-wisher] Allah is the greatest beneficent. He is my benefactor.
42 Beneficial [useful] Beneficiary[one who takes benefit] Taking exercise is beneficial to health. I am also a beneficiary in this businesss.
43 Berth [sleeping seat] Birth [coming into the world] I reserved a berth in train. What is your date of birth?
44 Beside [close to] Besides [in addition to] He sat beside me. Besides me, everybody was there.
45 Born [third form of “bear”] Borne [carried on] Quaid-e-Azam was born on 1876. Troubles are borne by the poor.
46 Bough [large branch of a tree] Bow [To bend forward ] He bought a bough of flowers. Bow only before Allah.
47 Break [cause to shutter] Brake [stopping apparatus] We use brake to stop our bicycle. Do not break anybody’s things.
48 Breath [in and out haling of air] Breathe [To take air in and out ] Breath is life. We breathe to live.
49 Breeze [gentle wind] Wind [strong current of air] A cool breeze blows in the morning. Wind is blowing.
50 Bridle [band for controlling a horse] Bridal [of the bride] He bridled the horse near the stream.  Her bridal dress is beautiful.
51 Calender [a mechanical iron] Calendar [date chart] He bought a calender. He bought a new year’s calendar.
52 Cannon (a heavy gun] Canon [principles] He fired a cannon. Act upon the canons of Islam.
53 Canvass [campaign] Canvas [A thick rough cloth] He is canvassing during elections. She bought a pair of canvas shoes.
54 Caste [social class] Cast [To throw] Cost[amount  for production of a thing There is no caste system in Islam He casts a stone in the river. What is the cost of this cycle?
55 Cease[To stop/end] Seize [to surround/catch/hold] The war will cease soon. The army seized the fort
56 Cattle [cows arid bulls] Kettle [a pot for boiling water] Cattle are grazing in the field. He boiled some water in the kettle.
57 Cell [a small room in prison]
Sell [to give on payment]
He was locked up in the cell. He sells toys for children.
58 Check [To stop]    Cheque [payment slip for bank] Check the children.
He gave me a blank cheque.         
59 Childlike [innocent] Childish [immature] He is loved for his childlike ways. He doesn’t like my childish behaviour.
60 Sight [scene] Cite[To refer/quote] Site [place reserved] How wonderful sight it is! He cited some verses of the Holy Quran.        This is the site for a new girl’s college.   
61 Climate (general weather conditions]
Weather
(season]
The climate of Multan is dry.
I like cold weather.
62 Cloak (loose outer garment] Clock (a big watch] The teacher is wearing a cloak. This room needs a wall clock.
63 Cloth [material made by weaving] Clothe [To wear cloths] Clothes [dress] My uncle deals in .cloth. He clothed himself for the party. I bought new clothes.
64 Coarse [rough] Course [syllabus/way]     . Coarse cloth is cheap. B.Com course is very simple.
65 Cold [not hot] Cool [of low temperature] It is very cold today. He is a cool minded man.
66 Corporal [physical/bodily] Corporeal [tangible] Teacher gives corporal punishment. Human beings are corporeal
67 Comma [A punctuation mark] Coma[unnatural sleep] Please, put a comma in the last sentence. The patient is in a state of coma.
68 Compliment [admiring comments] Complement [something that completes] Pay my compliments to him. Man is complement to woman.
69 Confidant [trusted friend] Confident [showing self-belief] He is my confidant friend. 1 am confident of my success,
70 Considerable [enough/reasonable] Considerate [careful about others] He earns a considerable profit. He is considerate to others.
71 Continual [repeated] Continuous [without interval ] Continual fights are contemptible. I am tired of continuous travel.
72 Corps [a technical branch of army] Corpse [dead body] He is a corps commander in the army. I saw a corpse on the road.
73 Council [a committee] Counsel [adv ice] He is a member of Union Council. Take counsel of your elders seriously.
74 Credible [believable] Creditable [praise worthy] Your story is not credible. His hand writing is creditable.
75 Cue [hint] Queue [line of people/row] Smoke is a cue to danger. A queue makes discipline.
76 Dear [beloved ] Deer  [kind of animal] You are very dear to me. We saw a deer.
77 Diseased [suffering from a disease ] Deceased [dead] A doctor cures the diseased people. The deceased was suffering from cancer.
78 Deify[make a god] Defy[disobey/resist] It is not good to deify rulers. No body can defy religion.              
79 Refuse [To turn down] Deny [To refuse truthfulness] No body can deny the Oneness of Allah. He refused to help me
80 Devise [to invent] Device [invention/tool He devised to flee from jail. Computer is an electronic device.
81 Dew [morning drops] Due [owing to/payable] Dew drops shine in the morning.
His success is due to his hard work
82 Die [To pass away ] Dye [to give colour] The patient died of cold. She dyed her hair.
83 Defer [To put off] Differ [To disagree] He defered his visit to Lahore. I differ with you on this matter.
84 Dose [amount of medicine taken at a time] Doze [To feel sleepy] Take a dose of this medicine twice a day. Do not doze in the class.
85 Difference [distinction] Deference [high esteem/postponement] There is a difference between these two. He has deference for his teacher.
86 Drown [To go down of animates in water] Sink [To go down of unanimates in water] The little boy drowned in the river.                        Wood does not sink in water.
87 Dual [double] Duel [scuffle between two] He played a dual game. He fought a duel.
88 Drop [fall] Droop (to bow downwards] He droped books on the ground.                                                                 He drooped due to sickness.
89 Economics [a subject related to livelihood] Economic (concerned with economics] He has done Ph.D in economics                                                         he is suffering from economic problems.
90 Economy [Financial position] Economical [cheap] Our economy is facing crisis. This car is very economical.
91 Elder [aged in relation] Older [aged in years] He is my elder brother. Ali is older than Ahmad.
92 Eminent [famous] Imminent [ to happen soon] My uncle is an eminent scholar. Flood is imminent in this area.
93 Empire [states controlled by one rule] Umpire [judge] Muslim empire was very vast. He is a famous cricket umpire.
94 Empty[having nothing in it] Vacant [a position without a person ] An empty vessel makes much noise. This post is vacant now.
95 Enviable [praise worthy] Envious    [have envy for ] His noble character is enviable. Never be envious of others.
96 Essay [a piece of writing with  paragraphs] Assay [try to do something] Write an essay on inflation. They will assay new plans.
97 Essential[indispensable] Necessary [needed for sometime] Necessity (need of life) Education is essential for our progress. He bought necessary copies. House is  the necessity of life.
98 Fare [treveling charges] Fair[Honest] Fares are increasing due to high oil prices. He is not fair in his dealings.
99 Famous [well known for good] Notorious [known for something bad] Lahore is a famous city of Pakistan. He is notorious for his bad deeds.
100 Farm [field] Form [shape/body] We visited a village farm. There are several forms of money.
101 Farther [to a greater distance] Further [more] We went farther into the forest. He is looking for further rest.
102 Feat [a difficult trick] Feet [organs to walk] He showed a feat in the fair. The child injures his feet.
103 Flour [wheat powder] Floor [concrete ground]                 The price of flour has risen again. The child is crawling on the floor.
  104 Latter [Second of the two] Former [previous] Ali and Saad are there, the latter is my brother. He is a former principal of Hailey College.
  105 Forward [ahead] Foreword [preface of the book] The army is moving forward. Who has written the foreward of this book?    
  106 Fore [front part] Four  [counting digit] A horse has two fore legs. There are four provinces of Pakistan.
  107 Foul [wicked] Fowl[domestic bird] He adopted foul means in game. They went on fowl hunting.
108 Funereal [sorrowful] Fun eral [burial] She wears a funereal dress. I attended his funeral ceremony.
109 Gamble [game of chance] Gambol [run and jump] Gambling is not allowed in Islam.
Children were gamboling in the courtyard.
110 Genteel [elegant/graceful] Gentle [noble/honourable] Her genteel manners captivated me. He is gentleman.
111 Gait [way of walking ] Gate [main door] She walks with a graceful gait.
The gate was locked arid we returned.
112 Great [big/huge]  Grate [fire place] Great leaders are bornpnce in a century. In winter, we love to sit near the grate.
113 Goal [Destination] Goal [Jail] We must achieve our goals. The criminal was sent to the goal.
114 Graceful [Dignified] Gracious [Kind] She has a graceful gait. Allah is very gracious.
115 Hale [healthy]                                                               Hail

[frozen raindrops]

.

I am hale and healthy.

It is hailing now.

116

Heir [legal inheriter]

Hair [growth on head]

He is the only heir of his father’s property.

She has curly hair.

117

Healthy [physically sound]

Healthful [good for health

The patients are getting healthy ;

Apple is a healthful fruit.

118

Heard [listened]

Herd [a group of animals]

I heard a cry behind me.

The herd of sheep was grazing in the field.

119

Heel  [the back part of human foot]

Heal[recover]

She likes to wear shoes of high heel.

The wound in my back is healing.

120

Hew[cut by striking]

Hue [color]

He hewed down a tree.

Flowers of different hues soothe.

121

Historic [very important in history]

Historical [relating to past history]

The president delivered a historic speech.

Taxila is a historical city.

122

Hoard [store]

Horde [a disorderly crowd]

Hoarding of edibles is crime.

A horde of people gathered there.

123

Whole [full/complete]

Hole [opening /gap]

I witnessed the whole incident.     

There was a big hole in the wall.

124

Honorary [given as an honour]

Honourable [worthy of respect]

His father was an honorary secretary.

The honourable chief guest was welcomed.

125

Human [relating human beings]

Humane [kind]

Human nature cannot be changed.

He is loved for his human nature.

126

Ice [frozen water]

Snow [frozen falling water ]

It is very hard to move on ice.

We went to Murree to enjoy snow fall.

127

Idle [dong no work]

Idol [something which is worshipped ]

Why are you sitting idle?

The Hindus worship idols.

128

Illegible [very difficult to read]

Eligible [suitable]

Your handwriting is illegible.

You are not eligible for this job.

129

Illicit [unlawful]

Elicit [cause to come out]

Illicit love is shown in movies.

The police elicited truth from the thief.

130

Imaginary [not real]

Imaginative [having new ideas]

He told me an imaginary story.

The poets must be imaginative.

131

Immigrant [coming to another country]

Emigrants leaving one’s own country ]

Immigrants from China have settled in Pakistan.

Pakistani emigrants have settled in Europe.

132

Industrial [relating industry]

Industrious [hardworking]

Faisalabad is an industrial city.

My brother is a very industrious boy.

133

Jealous [unhappy with other’s happiness]

Envious [happy of others achievements]

We should not be jealous with others.

The great people are always envious.

134

Judicious[sensible/thoughtful]

Judicial [relating to judiciary]

Your decision in this matter is quite judicious.

We should respect our judicial system.

135

Later [after]

Latter [second of the two]

You should come later.

Ali and Zia are friends, the latter is my brother.

136

Lessen [To make less]

Lesson [chapter]

She has lessened her weight.

Prepare your lesson right now.

137

Lair[place where wild animals sleep/ hide]

Liar [One who tells a lie]

Lawyer [law practitioner]s

The lion slept in a lair.

I don’t believe him, he is a liar.

Aitzaz Ahsan is a famous lawyer.

138

Less [Not so much]

Fewer [Not so many]

I use less amount of sugar in tea.   .

A fewer number of students attended the class.

139

Loathe [To hate]

Loath [Unwilling]

I loathe liars.

He was loath to admit his mistake.

140

Loose [not tight]

Lose [To give up]

This shirt is loose to me.

We lost the match.

141

Mail [the postal system]

Male [ guy]

I shall send these books by mail.

It is a male dominant society.

142

Main [basic]

Mane [thick hair around an animal’s neck].

Note down the main points of this poem.

The lion has a long mane.

143

Miner [worker in a mine]

Minor [smaller]

His father is a miner.

Don’t worry; it’s just a minor operation.

144

Marry [take in marriage]

Merry [happiness]

He married a widow

It’s Eid day, let’s make merry.

145

Medal [award ]

Meddle [interfere]

He got a gold medal in the B.A. examination.

Do not meddle in my affairs.

146

Meat[flesh]
Meet [convene]

Some people do not like meat.      

I shall meet you at the airport.

147

Mettle [courage]

Metal [minral substance]              

Every competition tests our mettle.

Gold is a precious metal.

148

Moral [lesson]

Morale [ethical level ]

Every story bears a moral lesson.

We should keep high morale.

149

Naughty [troublesome ]

Knotty [complicated ]

I dislike naughty boys.

This is a knotty problem.

150

Ore [earth from which metal is obtained]

Oar [blade for rowing]

Different kinds of ores are available in Pakistan.

He was rowing the boat with an oar.

151

Oral [spoken]                                  
Written [In black and white]

He got an oral message.

He made a written agreement.

152

Ordinance [order given by authority]

Ordnance[weapons]

The Hadood ordinance has been changed.

There is an ordanace factory in Wah Cantt.

Pale [Yellow]

Pail [bucket]

He has become pale due to illness.

She took a pail of water.

154

Pain [aching]

Pane [glass]

I feel severe pain in my leg.

The boy broke the window pane.

155

Pair [two things joined as one]

Couple [husband and wife]

Pear [kind of fruit]

I bought a pair of socks

The couple is leading a happy life

I like to eat pear.

156

Pat [encourage by gesture]

Pet [domestic bird/animal]

He patted me on my back.

They keep a dog as a pet.

157

Peel [to remove skin/unwrap]

Peal [toll/sound/ringing]

He is peeling potatoes.

I can hear the peal of bell.

158

Pattern [sample/way/style]

Patron

[supporter/benefactor]

He follows the Islamic pattern of life.

Uncle Arshad is my patron.

159

Patrol [To go round]

Petrol [engine oil]

Police patrols at night.

This car consumes less petrol.

160

Plan [scheme].

Plane [aero plane/tool to smooth wood ]

Plain [level area ]

What are your plans for the future?

The plane has landed.

Western Punjab has a huge plain area.

161

Popular [like by everyone]

Populous [having large population]

Mr. Ali is very popular teacher.

Faisalabad is a populous city.

162

Pore [small opening ]

Pour [cause to flow]

There are countless pores in the human body.

Please, pour some tea in my cup.

163

Pray [To implore/beg]

Prey [to hunt animal/victim]

Please, pray for my success.

We could not find any prey.

164

Prescribe [to recommend/suggest]

Proscribe [To ban something by law]

The doctor prescribed him to walk.

This government has proscribed flying kites.

165

Principal [head of an institution]

Principle [code of conduct]

The principal has come.

My father is a man of principle.

166

Profit [gain or advantage]

Prophet [the apostle]

He got a lot of profit in wheat crop.

Muhammad (S.A W) is the last Prophet of Allah.

167

Quite [sufficient enough]

Quiet [silent].

I am feeling quite well.

Don’t make a noise and keep quiet

168

Reign [period of rule]

Rain[down pour]
Rein [leather cords of a horse]

Akbar introduced a new religion in his region.

It is raining now.

He pulled the reins of his horse.

169

Respectful [showing respect]
Respectable [deserving respect]

He is always respectful to his elders.  

Teaching is a respectable profession.

170

Rite [religions ceremony]

Right[just/coned ]

Haj is a religious rite.

It is a right decision.

171

Ring [to sound]

Wring [twist/squeeze]

The bell is ringing.

She is wringing the wet clothes. .

172

Role [part played]

Roll[attendance]

He played the role of a teacher in this drama.

The students should attend to their roll call.

173

Root [underground part of a tree, cause]

Rout [To defeat completely]

Route [way planned ]

What is the root cause of this problem?

They routed their enemy.

Taxi driver has changed his route.

174

Salary [regular pay]

Wages [payment for labour]

He gets a salary of Rs. 10,000 a month.

Wages should be reasonable and paid in time.

175

Sail [travel on water]

Sale [act of selling]

The ship sailed in water.
This house is for sale.

176

Seam [line of stitches]

Seem [To appear]

Seams of my shirt are of black colour.
He seems quite happy today.

177

Seen [third form of “see”]

Scene [picture ]

He was seen with his fiancee last night.

It is a wonderful scene.

178

Sensitive [easily affected by emotions]

Sensible [showing good sense]

Children are very sensitive.

He is a sensible man.

179

Soar [to fly]

Sore [painful]

The young seagull was soaring in the sky.
He had sore throat.

180

Social [concerning society]

Sociable [friendly]

He avoids attending social gatherings.

His sociable behaviour makes him respectable.

181

Soul [spirit]

Sole[Only]

Prayers are the food of the human soul.

He is the sole heir of my property.

182

Soot [black powder]

Suit  [dress]

Suite [set of rooms]

The candle caused soot on the wall.
I bought a new suit for wedding ceremony.
We hired a suite in Murree.

183

Stair [ladder]

Stare [To gaze]

He went upstairs to meet his boss.

Why are you staring at me?

184

Steal [to run away with]

Steel [strong alloy of iron and carbon]

A boy stole my pen.

The cupboard is made of, steel.

185

Straight [in the same direction]

Strait [narrow water channel joining two seas]

Go straight; you will reach the post office.

A strait connects two seas.

186

Stationary [still]

Stationery [material for writing]

The sun is stationary.

My brother runs a stationery shop.

187

Storey [flour in a building]

Story [tale]

He lives in the third storey building.

He is a short story writer.

188

Sweat [perspiration]

Sweet [sugary/cut

Sweat saves blood.

Children like sweets

189

Tale [a story]

Tail [end /back]

Mother tells me tales.

No one can straighten the dog’s tail.

190

Team [group of players]

Teem [full of]

Our team has won the match.

This river is teemed with fish.

191

Temporal [Of the physical life]

Temporary [momentary]

He is spending a temporal life.

Our life is temporary.

192

Urban[civilian/of city]

Urbane [polished in manners]

He lives in the urban locality

He is urbane in his manners.

193

Vain [proud]

Vein [blood vessels]

Van [vehical]

Don’t be so vain.

Blood runs through our veins.      

I go to school by van.

194

Vale [valley]

Veil [Covering fir the face]

Wail [cry/scream/weep]

He is sitting in the vale.

He dislikes veil.

He is wailing at the death of his father.

195

Verbal [spoken/oral/vocal]

Verbose [full of words/wordy]

He made a verbal aggrement.

His story is verbose.

196

Wait[stay]                                                                         Weight[load]

He is waiting for me.

What is your weight?

197

Waist [loin]                                                                                                              Waste [To spoil]

He is wearing a waist coat.

Do not waste your time.

198

Waive [leave one’s right]

Wave [undulate/billow/ripple]

He waived his right in favour of me.

There was a huge wave in the river.

199

Way [course]

Weigh [to measure]

We should follow the right way.

Please, weigh this bale.

200

Weak [feeble]

Week [collection of seven days]

Owing to his illness, be has become weak.

There are seven days in a week.

201

Weather [climate]

Whether [if]

It is very fine weather today.

He asked me whether I was in the function.

202

Wine [liquor]

Vine [grape branch]

Wine is prohibited in Islarn.        

The gardener trimmed the vine.

203

Wonder [To feel surprised]

Wander [To move aimlessly]

His great success wondered me a lot.

He wandered aimlessly.

204

Yoke    [wooden frame on one’s neck]                                                               Yolk     [yellow part of an egg]

He yoked the oxen to plough)

I like the yolk of an egg.

Author: readingi

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