Parts of speech
In English language, all the words are divided into some categories on the basis of their functions. These categories are called parts of speech. English has 8 parts of speech:
” A noun, which represents two or more things”.
- Cities etc. ⭕ Gender of noun ⭕
“A noun, which stands for a male gender”.
- Brother etc.
” A noun, which stands for a female gender”.
- Sister etc.
“A noun, which stands for both, male and female”.
- Doctor etc.
” A noun, which stands neither for male nor for female”.
- Bazar etc.
⭕ Cases of noun ⭕There are three cases of nouns:
- Subjective case
“When the noun is used as subject of the sentence”.
👉 This is also called as nominative case.
- Ali is a good boy.
Ali here is subjective case of noun.
- Shaan wants to go.
Shaan is subjective case of noun.
- Objective case
” When the noun is used as object of the sentence”.
👉 This is also called as accusative case.
- I beat Ali.
Ali is used as object of the sentence and it’s objective case of noun..
- Possessive case
“When a noun possesses something”.
👉This is also called as genitive case.
- This is my brother’s house.
brother’s is possessive case of noun.
- She is his friend.
his is a possessive case of noun