Pakistan Studies



It has been rightly said that world commerce of today would be impossible without minerals. Mining, being a basic industry provides a firm base from the growth in various sectors of the economy. Minerals are the backbone of modern industry. The heavy machines and transporting vehicles are all built and run by minerals. 
Pakistan is rich in minerals resources, but these immense potentials remained unexploited over the years. Now the Government is adopting new policy measures to give a boost to this sector. In order to encourage mineral exploration in the country, a mineral co-ordination board (MCB) was established in 1979 to co-ordinate public sector agencies and the private sector. Pakistan has considerable deposits of non metallic mineals, including rock-salt, gypsum, china clay, limestone and marble. Metallic minerals found in some quantity are chromite antimony, copper and iron etc. 

1. Iron Ore


Iron tops the list of capital goods and plays a vital role in the economic development of a country.The entire economic activities of a country revolve around this basic material.Today,iron touches man’s life from the cradle to grave.Indeed man today is almost entirely dependant on iron for his civilized existence. 


Iron ore deposits occur at many localities .The more important are discussed below: 

KalaBagh Iron Ore:

Occurs near Kalabagh in the Surghar Range and near Sakesar in the Salt Range.They are the largest deposits in Pakistan but the ore is of low grade (30.35 percent iron) and of irregular composition.Reseves are estimated at about 300 million tonnes. 

Dommel Misar:

Magnitite deposits in Southern Chitral,about 30 kilometers south of Drosh ,have an iron content of 55.65 percent.Reserves are estimated at 3 million tonnes. 

Langrial,Galdanian And Abbotabad Ore:

Langrial iron deposits are in the vicinity of Langrial village in haripur tehsil,about 30 kilometers south of Abbotabad.The iron content varies widely between 0 and 50 percent .The Galdanian deposits,about 15 kilometers north-east of abotabad have an average iron content of 20 percent.Iron content yardes from 14.46 percent.Total reserves in Hazara Distric are estimated to be mere than 100 million tonnes.