OLD MAN AND THE SEA

 

17. SOLILOQUY OF THE OLD MAN
OR
MONOLOGUE OF THE OLD MAN

Q:8 Define the term ‘Soliloquy’. How does the old man break his loneliness?
‘Soliloquy’ means speaking out one’s thoughts to oneself aloud when no one else is about The Old Man and the Sea deals with the loneliness and soliloquy of Santiago. When the voyage begins, we are told that the old man knew he was going far out and that he left the smell of the land behind. On the sea he talks to himself aloud on many occasions in various contexts. All his strength and determination comes from inside; even the thoughts of the boy and the American lions which partly sustain his strength and courage pertaining to his inner subjective life. He breaks his loneliness in the following manners.
He lives in the company of sea birds and other living and non-living creatures. He loves them and talks to them whenever he feels lonely.
Santiago says, No man was ever alone on the sea. He talks with the baited marlin and other sorts of friends.
He kills his loneliness by remembering the boy. He also remembers his memories of the past and the baseball game.
Through dreams about the loins on the beach of Africa, he gets energy and strength. (194)

18. SANTIAGOS OPTIMISM
Or
PILLARS OF SUCCESS
Or
PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE

(2008-II, 1999-S, 2006-I, 2000, 2005-I)

He tells his philosophy of life through Santiago. His philosophy of life is that struggle and effort are more important than success or achievement. Santiago proves it.
The old man in spite of his courage and determination comes to nothing. The message or theme of the novel is optimistic. Hemingway stresses upon the positive values of life. He impresses upon us the greatness of man. Santiago has firm faith in the dignity of man. He does not lose heart even in a difficult and odd situation of life. Santiago’s victory is moral victory of having fought to the last for his aim. Santiago’s message is the message of hope and courage. Hope and confidence along with hope are the two pillars of success. Santiago says that every to him is new. The old man sustains his hope and optimism till the end of the novel when he is ready to go on another expedition in spite of his failure. We get the idea, from the novel, that man is an embodiment of endurance. He has the ability to ignore physical pain when he is fighting for a great object. Man should not lose heart at any stage of life. He remains hopeful of better future in spite of his defeat. (183)