The Boy Comes Home

The Boy Comes Home

 

  1. NO.1. How does the war contribute to Philip’s maturity? What is the effect of war on Phillip’s personality? How does Phillip prove himself a mature person?

 

War serves as the background of the story of the play. It does contribute to Philip’s outlook on life. It has affected and developed his maturity and personality. It helps him to understand human nature and matters of life. He has served the army for four years. He has developed a practical approach to human problems. As a result of his dealings with army personnel, he has learnt how to tackle the issues.

He has been mess president for two years. He has managed mess affairs quite capably and gained experience. He has been in command of the company for four years. During the course of his army service he has met grave situations. The war has widened his scope of understanding and broadened his view of life. Practical situations have enabled him to solve difficult questions concerning men and matters of life.

Aunt Emily, a kind hearted lady, does realise the new change and the new development in the personality of Philip. Just one incident about his dealing with the cook is enough to convince her of his abilities.

Uncle James is adamant and blind to his potentialities. He fails to appreciate the change brought on Philip by his four years in the army. His maturity reveals to him through dream. He brings Uncle James to his knees through tactful handling. He proves that he can look after himself and his affairs very well. He should be left to himself and entrusted with his father’s money. 247

IMPORTANCE OF DREAM SCENE

  1. NO. 2. Discuss the importance of the dream. or

“Was it a dream or wasn’t it. He will never be quite certain.” Explain.

Uncle James wants to settle his conflict with his nephew regarding money matters. He sits comfortably in wait for him. Soon he is asleep and dreams a dream. The important incident of the play takes place in his dream.

In dream, Uncle James orders Philip to get up early in the morning and take breakfast on time. He objects to Phillips’ smoking. He asks to join in his business of jam. Philip wishes to become an architect and demands for money left by his father. But James refuses to give till he attains the age of 25. He asks him frankly, “Do you think four years at the front have made no difference at all?” This is a pertinent question. But the uncle is blind to the new development. He calls him “an impertinent young puppy.” He also threatens to use the power of the money to force the boy into submission.

He takes out his revolver to put down the power of purse. He tells him ‘this revolver has killed twenty Germans.’ He points the pistol at his uncle. He asks timidly, “You are going to shoot your old uncle?” Philip further fills him with fear by saying, “I ought to “have thrown half a dozen bombs at you first,” When Philip counts one two, the old man falls on “his knees and offers to accept his terms and conditions. He begs for mercy. Uncle James proves to be a jackal in the grab of a lion. The nephew has done his job well’. Now his dream is over and he is awake. He is a changed man. Philip enters and agrees to join in his business of Jam. James baffles at his behaviour and says, “Was it a dream or wasn’t it. He will never be quite certain.” Uncle James is not sure about this new situation. 309

 

 

CONFLICT BETWEEN UNCLE JAMES AND PHILLIP

  1. NO.3. The play presents the universal problem of generation gap. Explain.

How was the conflict between Uncle James and Philip resolved? 2001, 2003

What is the nature of the conflict between Philip and his uncle?

The play moves round a conflict between Uncle James and his nephew Phillip. Both of them have different temperament and behaviour. It is due to the universal problem of generation gap. Uncle James represents old generation where as Philip represents young or new generation. Uncle James (old generation) is authoritative, conservative, disciplined, rigid and inflexible. He respects old values and traditions.  Phillip (The young generation) is adventurous, undisciplined, flexible and open to new ideas and rules. He disrespects old values and traditions. He does not accept any authority. He believes to put down force by using force. He wants to work independently. Uncle James orders him to get up early in the morning and take breakfast on time. He objects to Phillips’ smoking. He asks to join in his business of jam. He wishes to become an architect. Philip demands for money left by his father. But James refuses to give till he attains the age of 25. He uses the power of purse to make Philip submissive. Philip tells him that he is a matured young man and can manage his matters himself. But James does not give in. Philip takes out a revolver and a bomb to put the power of purse with the power of force. James understands the whole situation and agrees to give him money. In this way the conflict between Uncle James and Philip is resolved by the use of force. 237

 

Uncle James is not a lion but a jackal in the grab of a lion. 2006II

Uncle James is authoritative, conservative, disciplined, rigid and inflexible. he is a man of rules and principles. He respects old values and traditions. He is the guardian of Philip since the death of his father. He is a successful business man. He is very strict old man. He takes breakfast at 8 and does not allow any one to against it. His actual character is revealed through his dream. Uncle James orders him to get up early in the morning and take breakfast on time. He objects to Phillips’ smoking. He asks to join in his business of jam. Philip wishes to become an architect. Philip demands for money left by his father. But James refuses to give till he attains the age of 25. James is authoritative and proud of his wealth. He uses the power of purse to make Philip submissive. Philip tells him that he is a matured young man and can manage his matters himself. But James is still rigid and stiff. He does not give in. when Philip takes out a revolver and a bomb to put the power of purse with the power of force, James understands the whole situation and agrees to give him money. In this way, we see that Uncle James who is brave in the start of the play proves to be a cowardly person in his dream. So we can say that Uncle James is not a lion but a jackal in the grab of a lion. 248

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